There is / There are(HAY)

HABER is used in two ways:

  1. To say something “exists” -express the existence of something
  2. As an auxiliary verb + past participle to form the “Perfect Tense”

The verb HABER is used as existence; it has only one conjugation in all the tenses. In present tense is: HAY + noun. It doesn´t matter if it’s singular or plural.

Example:

  • Hay un libro en la mesa.There is one book on the table.
  • Hay dos libros en la mesa.  – There are two book on the table

Present Tense

HAY There is               HAY There are

  • Hay un portatil en la caja.There is a laptop in the box.
  • Hay muchos portatiles en la caja.There are many shoes in the box.

How to say “there is,” “there are,” “there was,” and “there were”

Simple Past Tense

HUBO  – There was             HUBO  – There were

  • Hubo un accidente el domingo pasado . –  There was an accident last Sunday
  • Hubo tres huracanes en Malaga la semana pasada.There were three hurricanes in Malaga last week.

Imperfect Tense

HABIA – There was                HABIA – There were

  • Solamente había un cine  en mi pueblo cuando yo era niño.There was only one cinema in my town when I was a child.
  • Cuando llegamos al banco había cinco personas esperando.When we got to the bank, there were five people waiting.

?what is the difference between HUBO and HABIA?”

Remember : the difference between simple past tense and imperfect tense is:

  • Simple past tense expresses defined actions
  • Imperfect tense describes undefined actions and repetitive actions.
  • El año pasado hubo muchos accidentes en el centro de la ciudad.  – Last year there were many accidents in city center
  • Recuerdo que cuando yo era niño  siempre había  sorpresas en la clase de ciencias.I remember when I was a child, there was always surprise exams in science class.

Future

HABRA – There will be

  • Habrá una cena mañana .There will be a  dinner tomorrow .
  • Habrá cinco grupos musicales en el concierto .There will be five groups in concert .

Conditional

HABRIA – There would be

  • Ella me dijo que habría una fiesta en su casa pero se canceló.She told me that there would be a party in his house, but it was canceled.
  • Habría más árboles en el mundo pero existe mucha contaminación.There would be more trees in the world but there is a lot of pollution.

Exercises

Choose the correct form of haber.

  1. En este piso________una habitación libre.
  2. ______que soportar este calor.
  3. En la fiesta_______muchos invitados.
  4. Me________encantado ir contigo al concierto.
  5. No_______ninguna mesa vacía en el restaurante.

Type in the verbs haber or tener in the correct present-tense form.

  1. La madre dijo: «Hoy__________ pasta para comer.»
  2. Yo _________ una casa nueva en la sierra.
  3. Mis primos ___________ viajado por muchos países durante este año.
  4. Cuando terminemos de vestirnos, tu hermano y yo_______ que ir al médico.
        No, no he leído nada.
         No, I haven’t read anything.
Hay muchos trenes.
There are many trains.
              Yo debería haber manejado.
               I should have driven.
¿Hay mucha sangre?
Is there a lot of blood?
¿Hay alguien aquí?
Is anybody here?
¿Había algunos testigos?
Were there any witnesses?
Me he perdido.
I’m lost.
Ha de haber faltado a tres.
He’s probably missed three.
¿Hay alguien aquí?
Is anybody here?
¿Hubo daños?
Were there any damages?
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